A technology that’s existed since the 1970s, recreational manmade waves first appeared in the form of theFlowRider — a mechanism which allowed riders to surf in place on special boards while water rushes beneath them. However, the quest for developing an authentic simulation of the waves professionals ride in the open ocean has largely been elusive.
Of late, a few companies have begun popping up offering similar experiences,though the wave pool which generated the most media attention over the last three years is Kelly Slater’s aptly-named Kelly Slater Surf Ranch. Thanks to its proficiency creating ridable waves, it was even recently announced that it would host its firstWorld Surf League competition, called the Founder’s Cup, in May of 2018.
While several other wave pool concepts and technologies have emerged, many have fallen short of their lofty goals. One such name that continues to stand out in the industry is American Wave Machines. A revolutionary artificial surf company, AWM currently stands as the leading wave pool, surf venue, and wave technology brand and produces some of the most authentic surf experiences in the world.
For the past 10 years, the company’s made its name installing wave machines worldwide and is even slated to open one of the largest inland surf facilities in the world in the spring of 2018 — Waco, Texas’BSR Surf Resort. Featuring a whopping two-acre surf lake with white sand beaches and its uniquePerfectSwell wave-generating technology, the BSR Surf Resort will soon be in a class all its own.
The company’s goal is to bring surfing to places where there are no oceans — and it’s off to a great start. When it opens, the BSR Surf Resort will be the largest American Wave Machines system to date. Its Infinite Ocean tech allows for construction to occur without walls or boundaries and with a natural shape and beach area.
But the true star of the show is the PerfectSwell tech. In essence, it’s a patented traveling wave system which mimics real ocean dynamics and provides for an infinite variety without waiting for waves. The technology is capable of mimicking point breaks, reef breaks, and beach breaks with the wave type, size, and duration controlled at the touch of a button. It does all this via particle motion — just like the ocean — and is the first air-powered system to create an authentic surfing experience with natural, ocean-like waves.
Before PerfectSwell debuted, only large, hinged paddles driven by hydraulic rams could create a similar experience. While these direct displacement wave creation systems were abandoned for safety and reliability reasons, PerfectSwell was designed a bit differently. Its designers wanted to make the technology much more energy efficient and, unsurprisingly, safer.
“Theprimary reason we’ve been able to achieve this is that PerfectSwell has no moving parts in the water, and the system has unprecedented operational flexibility with easy-to-use digital controls,” said American Wave Machines creative director William McFarland to Digital Trends. “Reliability and maintainability are the product of small parts designed to actuate for millions of cycles.”
What makes PerfectSwell different from other technologies is its approach to imitate nature — as opposed to just creating surf. The PerfectSwell Phased Array Control Systemcontrols air pressure firing patterns and sequences to create unlimited wave types.It can easily generate 10 large waves per minute — or a wave every six seconds.
“The wave variety came from the discovery of how to combine wave segments from multiple caissons into swells using a digital control system — this allows infinite possibilities,” McFarland added.“Pneumatics have been utilized in waterparks for decades.What we’ve done with PerfectSwell is built on the foundation of pneumatics with proprietary technology to create wave hydrodynamics that mimics swells that naturally occur in the ocean.”
The waves generated by the PerfectSwell system measure an average of three to eight feet in height, with ride lengths limited only by pool size. According to American Wave Machines,the two-acre BSR Surf Resort plans to offer ride lengths between 10 and 15 seconds. The most important feature is that the technology is scalable for ride length, wave size, and footprint specification. Because the tech is unproven on a large scale, McFarland wasn’t shy about commenting on its commercial performance thus far.
“Our first PerfectSwell system has operated since 2010 at a small seasonal waterpark in upstate New York,” he said. “Currently, we’re on contract at the Triple Five American Dream project in the Meadowlands, scheduled to open winter 2019. The installation features our standing wave tech calledSurfStream and PerfectSwell.AWM plans on building stand-alone surf venues based on either smaller footprint SurfStream tech or large scale PerfectSwell systems — or both — in major markets worldwide.
Currently, PerfectSwell has contracts in Sochi, Russia and New Jersey, though the BSR Surf Ranch will be its first large-scale operation to see true public feedback. The development could not have come at a better time as the 2020 Tokyo Olympics will feature surfing for the first time in history. Athletes and surf teams will be able to take advantage of valuable practice time allocated by a PerfectSwell pool — thanks to the fact they’ll hardly have to wait for waves. Its integrated touchscreen interface even allows for the operator to design their own wave. While every technology has its downsides and setbacks, the AWM President is confident in the company’s thorough testing and engineering.
“Fortunately, many of the issues have already been addressed in the 30-year history of pneumatic systems in waterparks,” McFarland added. “Machine room noise is one and there are a number of ways to reduce it.With the ability to constantly produce a myriad of swells and waves, the question of wear has to be addressed. For this, we subject the moving parts to life cycle analysis and testing.”
After learning about PerfectSwell technology, one of the biggest remaining questions is how it stacks up against the rest of the industry — namely,Kelly Slater’s Surf Ranch and NLand Surf Park. Though many of its competitors offer alternatives that look a lot like SurfStream, nothing quite compares to PerfectSwell with regards to versatility and scale.
“Early on, our SurfStream technology went beyond the standing wave to also create left and right standing waves in the same system, allowing riders to surf frontside or backside,” McFarland explained. “The largest of these lefts and rights is also a barreling wave, giving riders the opportunity to surf ‘in the tube.’ It’s a skill which is very difficult to learn in the ocean but it can be learned by skilled boarders with enough sessions on SurfStream.”
It’s important to understand the differences between PerfectSwell and SurfStream technology. Put simply, SurfStream is an endless standing wave made by continuously pumping water in a recirculating pool and channel system while PerfectSwell is a traveling wave system — mimicking an ocean environment. BSR Surf Resort will be one of the top water facilities in the country located on 500 acres outside of Waco, Texas and will serve as an ideal location for PerfectSwell Infinite Ocean technology. Additionally, the resort won’t just be limited to recreational riders.
“PerfectSwell and the Infinite Ocean surf lake are ideal for surf contests,” he added. “Realistic conditions requiring all the skills used in the ocean can now be provided. Everything except for gazing at the horizon for sets.”
This is an exciting notion — especially with the addition of Olympic surfing. While the Tokyo Olympic Committee has made the decision to have its surfing event in the ocean, the continued development of man-made surf poolsallows for unprecedented training opportunities.
“We took a digital approach to creating surf,” McFarland told Digital Trends. “All our installations worldwide deliver authentic surfing capabilities. BSR will showcase the largest system we have fielded to date.The sport will have a new point of access for good surf and good fun.”